For over a decade, Dr. Merali has been involved in teaching and developing the Essential Newborn Care Course. This educational program teaches birth attendants and other front line health workers in low resource settings how to care for a newborn from the time of birth.

He is a member of the Global Neonatal Advisory Committee and has taught the course in Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi, Kenya, Cambodia, and Kyrgyzstan.

See Dr. Merali’s work with The Lake Clinic – Cambodia, implementing newborn training in remote fishing villages

Selected Publications on Newborn Health

1. Chan NH & Merali HS (joint first authors), Mistry N, Kealey R, Campbell DM, Morris SK, Data S. Utilization of a novel mobile application, “HBB Prompt”, to reduce Helping Babies Breathe skills decay. PLOS Global Public Health. 2023; 3(5):e0000705. LINK

2. Ariff S, Ali KQ, Tessaro MO, Ansari U, Morris S, Soofi SB, Merali HS. Diagnostic Accuracy of Point-of-Care Ultrasound Compared to Standard-of-Care Methods for Endotracheal Tube Placement in Neonates. Pediatric Pulmonology. 2022; 57(7):1744-1750. LINK

3. Merali HS, Hemed M, Fernando AM, Rizwan S, Lutomia Mangala E, Wood AM, Abdalla K, Patterson J, Amick E, Foehringer Merchant H, Smith SL, Wheatley RR, Kamath-Rayne BD. Telementoring Initiative for Newborn Care Providers in Kenya, Pakistan, and Tanzania. Tropical Medicine & International Health. 2022; 27(4):426-437. LINK

4. Merali HS, Visick MK, Amick E, Savich RD. Helping Babies Survive: Lessons Learned From Global Trainers. Pediatrics. 2020; 146 (Supplement 2) S134-S144. LINK

5. Perlman JM, Velaphi S, Massawe A, Clarke R, Merali HS and Ersdal H. Achieving Country-Wide Scale for Helping Babies Breathe and Helping Babies Survive. Pediatrics. 2020; 146 (Supplement 2) S194-S207. LINK


Since completing his Masters of Public Health degree at Johns Hopkins University in 2016, Dr. Merali continues to work with the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit where he has an Associate Faculty position.

His research focus is on preventing road traffic deaths in children in low- and middle-income countries. Road traffic deaths are the leading cause of death worldwide in children over the age of five.

Photo by Maksim

Selected Publications on Childhood Road Traffic Injuries:

1. Merali HS, Campbell SC, Inada H, Vecino-Ortiz AI, Bachani AM. 10 City Analysis of Child Passenger Helmet Use. Injury. 2022; 53(7):2478-2484. LINK

2. Merali HS, Murphy O, Singh D, McNicholas P. Automated detection of motorcycle helmet use. Journal of Road Safety. 2022 Aug 10; 33(3):72-75. LINK

3. Merali HS, Lin LY, Li Q, Bhalla K. Using street imagery and crowdsourcing internet marketplaces to measure motorcycle helmet use in Bangkok, Thailand. Inj Prev. 2020;26:103-108. LINK

4. Merali HS, and Bachani AM. Factors Associated with Childhood Motorcycle Helmet Use in Cambodia. Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2018; 25(2): 134-140. LINK

For a complete list of Dr. Merali’s publications and other academic work, please see his faculty page or Google Scholar page


Dr. Merali has been involved as an editor or co-author of three academic books designed for healthcare workers.

Pocket Pediatrics, 2nd Edition

This book is designed for the busy medical student, resident, or attending physician to provide key clinical information on common pediatric problems. The second edition was published in 2013 and Dr. Merali served as a co-author for the Emergency Department chapter. This book has since been updated to the third edition.

The MassGeneral Hospital for Children Handbook of Pediatric Global Health

Published in 2014, this book provides evidence-based guidelines for preventing and managing child-related illness in low- and middle-income countries. Dr. Merali co-authored the chapter on Neonatal Infections.

Atlas of Pediatrics in the Tropics and Resource-Limited Settings, 2nd Edition

Published in 2015, this book provides healthcare workers with images and information on over 60 child tropical diseases. Dr. Merali served as an associate editor for this book.